What is laser cutting?

Laser cutting; It is a technology that is preferred for cutting iron, bimetal, aluminum, stainless and metal materials and is generally used for industrial production and is also used by schools, SMEs and hobbyists. Laser cutting usually takes place by directing the output of a high-power laser through optics. Laser optics and CNC direct the produced material or laser beam and are used for its own purpose. A commercial laser for cutting materials includes a motion control system to follow the CNC or G-code of the pattern to be cut into the material. The focused laser beam is directed at the material; it is then melted, burned, evaporated or expelled with a gas jet, leaving a high-quality surface-coated edge. Industrial laser cutters are used to cut flat sheet materials as well as profile and pipe materials.

Generating the laser beam involves stimulating a laser material with electrical resonances or lamps inside a sealed container. As the glowing material is excited, the beam is internally reflected by a partial mirror until it has enough energy to escape as a monochromatic stream of light. Mirrors, or fiber optics, are used to direct coherent light to the workspace with a light-focused lens. The narrowest part of the focused beam is usually 0.32 mm lower. Depending on the thickness of the material, edge widths of up to 0.10 mm are possible. A hole is drilled before each cut so that you can start cutting from a place other than the edge. Piercing usually takes about 5-15 seconds for 13mm thick stainless steel, while envisioning a high laser beam punching a hole in the material.